Why a GPU mines faster than a CPU - Bitcoin Wiki

Bitcoin mining for Intel HD Graphics 3000

I'm kind of new to bitmining and i've been trying to use my laptop just to try it out. I want to use my graphics card(Intel Graphics 3000) but it doesn't show up on the devices list on any of the programs. It does, however, detect my CPU (Intel 3rd gen Core i3) I know intel Graphics really aren't that good, but its worth a try. Anyone know why nothing can detect my GPU? Anyone have a program that can use intel graphics? Please help, Thanks
submitted by Nashad to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

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submitted by MULTIELECTRONICS to u/MULTIELECTRONICS [link] [comments]

Mining ERC-918 Tokens (0xBitcoin)

GENERAL INFORMATION

0xBitcoin (0xBTC) is the first mineable ERC20 token on Ethereum. It uses mining for distribution, unlike all previous ERC20 tokens which were assigned to the contract deployer upon creation. 0xBTC is the first implementation of the EIP918 mineable token standard (https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-918), which opened up the possibility of a whole new class of mineable assets on Ethereum. Without any ICO, airdrop, pre-mine, or founder’s reward, 0xBitcoin is arguably the most decentralized asset in the Ethereum ecosystem, including even Ether (ETH), which had a large ICO.
The goal of 0xBitcoin is to be looked at as a currency and store of value asset on Ethereum. Its 21 million token hard cap and predictable issuance give it scarcity and transparency in terms of monetary policy, both things that Ether lacks. 0xBitcoin has certain advantages over PoW based currencies, such as compatibility with smart contracts and decentralized exchanges. In addition, 0xBTC cannot be 51% attacked (without attacking Ethereum), is immune from the “death spiral”, and will receive the benefits of scaling and other improvements to the Ethereum network.

GETTING 0xBITCOIN TOKENS

0xBitcoin can be mined using typical PC hardware, traded on exchanges (either decentralized or centralized) or purchased from specific sites/contracts.

-Mined using PC hardware

-Traded on exchanges such as


MINING IN A NUTSHELL

0xBitcoin is a Smart Contract on the Ethereum network, and the concept of Token Mining is patterned after Bitcoin's distribution. Rather than solving 'blocks', work is issued by the contract, which also maintains a Difficulty which goes up or down depending on how often a Reward is issued. Miners can put their hardware to work to claim these rewards, in concert with specialized software, working either by themselves or together as a Pool. The total lifetime supply of 0xBitcoin is 21,000,000 tokens and rewards will repeatedly halve over time.
The 0xBitcoin contract was deployed by Infernal_Toast at Ethereum address: 0xb6ed7644c69416d67b522e20bc294a9a9b405b31
0xBitcoin's smart contract, running on the Ethereum network, maintains a changing "Challenge" (that is generated from the previous Ethereum block hash) and an adjusting Difficulty Target. Like traditional mining, the miners use the SoliditySHA3 algorithm to solve for a Nonce value that, when hashed alongside the current Challenge and their Minting Ethereum Address, is less-than-or-equal-to the current Difficulty Target. Once a miner finds a solution that satisfies the requirements, they can submit it into the contract (calling the Mint() function). This is most often done through a mining pool. The Ethereum address that submits a valid solution first is sent the 50 0xBTC Reward.
(In the case of Pools, valid solutions that do not satisfy the full difficulty specified by the 0xBitcoin contract, but that DO satisfy the Pool's specified Minimum Share Difficulty, get a 'share'. When one of the Miners on that Pool finds a "Full" solution, the number of shares each miner's address has submitted is used to calculate how much of the 50 0xBTC reward they will get. After a Reward is issued, the Challenge changes.
A Retarget happens every 1024 rewards. In short, the Contract tries to target an Average Reward Time of about 60 times the Ethereum block time. So (at the time of this writing):
~13.9 seconds \* 60 = 13.9 minutes
If the average Reward Time is longer than that, the difficulty will decrease. If it's shorter, it will increase. How much longer or shorter it was affects the magnitude with which the difficulty will rise/drop, to a maximum of 50%. * Click Here to visit the stats page~ (https://0x1d00ffff.github.io/0xBTC-Stats) to see recent stats and block times, feel free to ask questions about it if you need help understanding it.

MINING HARDWARE

Presently, 0xBitcoin and "Alt Tokens" can be mined on GPUs, CPUs, IGPs (on-CPU graphics) and certain FPGAs. The most recommended hardware is nVidia graphics cards for their efficiency, ubiquity and relatively low cost. As general rules, the more cores and the higher core frequency (clock) you can get, the more Tokens you will earn!
Mining on nVidia cards:
Mining on AMD cards:
Mining on IGPs (e.g. AMD Radeon and Intel HD Graphics):
Clocks and Power Levels:

MINING SOFTWARE AND DESCRIPTIONS

For the most up-to-date version info, download links, thread links and author contact information, please see this thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/8o06dk/links_to_the_newestbest_miners_for_nvidia_amd/ Keep up to date for the latest speed, stability and feature enhancements!
COSMiC Miner by LtTofu:
SoliditySha3Miner by Amano7:
AIOMiner All-In-One GPU Miner:
TokenMiner by MVis (Mining-Visualizer):
"Nabiki"/2.10.4 by Azlehria:
~Older Miners: Older and possibly-unsupported miner versions can be found at the above link for historical purposes and specific applications- including the original NodeJS CPU miner by Infernal Toast/Zegordo, the '1000x' NodeJS/C++ hybrid version of 0xBitcoin-Miner and Mikers' enhanced CUDA builds.

FOR MORE INFORMATION...

If you have any trouble, the friendly and helpful 0xBitcoin community will be happy to help you out. Discord has kind of become 0xBTC's community hub, you can get answers the fastest from devs and helpful community members. Or message one of the community members on reddit listed below.
Links
submitted by GeoffedUP to gpumining [link] [comments]

COSMiC Miner v4.0.1t Update (Windows 64-Bit, nVidia/CUDA)

This is an update to COSMiC V4, an nVidia(CUDA) Token Miner for 0xBTC and other ERC-918 tokens. Users are encouraged to upgrade. Read the rest of this thread or check the README / About/Help Dialog box for info on changes. Enjoy and Happy Hashing :)
** NOTE: this is a very old build! Newest version (4.1.3t) as of this writing, see release thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/c1590e/cosmic_v413t_update_nvidiacuda_win64_guibased/
or the Bitbucket downloads section- latest uploads are at the top: https://bitbucket.org/LieutenantTofu/cosmic-v3/downloads/
** thanks! **

SCREENSHOTS:

DOWNLOAD:

GETTING STARTED VIDEO:

CHANGES THIS VERSION:

FEATURES:

WHAT'S COMING SOON:

COMPATIBILITY:

Should work on nVidia(CUDA) cards Kepler(6xx-series) and up. Tested on Maxwell Gen2(9xx) and Pascal (GTX10x0). Developed on Windows 10. Tested to work on Windows 7 and newer. This is a 64-bit application and expects a 64-bit version of Windows.

HOW TO USE:

This is a brand new miner and as such only runs one GPU per instance. Multi-GPU support coming soon. See below for more info on using multiple GPUs.

MULTI-GPU INSTRUCTIONS:

A WORD ON INTENSITIES:

PERFORMANCE TIPS:

Please let me know what you think and help me to make this the best miner that it can be. :) I can be found here on Reddit or, for a faster response, look for me on the Discord (see sidebar) with the username: @LtTofu [ _Cosmic Miner_ ].
Thanks for your support and feedback!
submitted by LieutenantTofu to 0xbitcoin [link] [comments]

Console gaming is hardly different from PC gaming, and much of what people say about PC gaming to put it above console gaming is often wrong.

I’m not sure about you, but for the past few years, I’ve been hearing people go on and on about PCs "superiority" to the console market. People cite various reasons why they believe gaming on a PC is “objectively” better than console gaming, often for reasons related to power, costs, ease-of-use, and freedom.
…Only problem: much of what they say is wrong.
There are many misconceptions being thrown about PC gaming vs Console gaming, that I believe need to be addressed. This isn’t about “PC gamers being wrong,” or “consoles being the best,” absolutely not. I just want to cut through some of the stuff people use to put down console gaming, and show that console gaming is incredibly similar to PC gaming. I mean, yes, this is someone who mainly games on console, but I also am getting a new PC that I will game on as well, not to mention the 30 PC games I already own and play. I’m not particularly partial to one over the other.
Now I will mainly be focusing on the PlayStation side of the consoles, because I know it best, but much of what I say will apply to Xbox as well. Just because I don’t point out many specific Xbox examples, doesn’t mean that they aren’t out there.

“PCs can use TVs and monitors.”

This one isn’t so much of a misconception as it is the implication of one, and overall just… confusing. This is in some articles and the pcmasterrace “why choose a PC” section, where they’re practically implying that consoles can’t do this. I mean, yes, as long as the ports of your PC match up with your screen(s) inputs, you could plug a PC into either… but you could do the same with a console, again, as long as the ports match up.
I’m guessing the idea here is that gaming monitors often use Displayport, as do most dedicated GPUs, and consoles are generally restricted to HDMI… But even so, monitors often have HDMI ports. In fact, PC Magazine has just released their list of the best gaming monitors of 2017, and every single one of them has an HDMI port. A PS4 can be plugged into these just as easily as a GTX 1080.
I mean, even if the monitoTV doesn’t have HDMI or AV to connect with your console, just use an adaptor. If you have a PC with ports that doesn’t match your monitoTV… use an adapter. I don’t know what the point of this argument is, but it’s made a worrying amount of times.

“On PC, you have a wide range of controller options, but on console you’re stuck with the standard controller."

Are you on PlayStation and wish you could use a specific type of controller that suits your favorite kind of gameplay? Despite what some may believe, you have just as many options as PC.
Want to play fighting games with a classic arcade-style board, featuring the buttons and joystick? Here you go!
Want to get serious about racing and get something more accurate and immersive than a controller? Got you covered.
Absolutely crazy about flying games and, like the racers, want something better than a controller? Enjoy!
Want Wii-style motion controls? Been around since the PS3. If you prefer the form factor of the Xbox One controller but you own a PS4, Hori’s got you covered. And of course, if keyboard and mouse it what keeps you on PC, there’s a PlayStation compatible solution for that. Want to use the keyboard and mouse that you already own? Where there’s a will, there’s a way.
Of course, these aren’t isolated examples, there are plenty of options for each of these kind of controllers. You don’t have to be on PC to enjoy alternate controllers.

“On PC you could use Steam Link to play anywhere in your house and share games with others.”

PS4 Remote play app on PC/Mac, PSTV, and PS Vita.
PS Family Sharing.
Using the same PSN account on multiple PS4s/Xbox Ones and PS3s/360s, or using multiple accounts on the same console.
In fact, if multiple users are on the same PS4, only one has to buy the game for both users to play it on that one PS4. On top of that, only one of them has to have PS Plus for both to play online (if the one with PS Plus registers the PS4 as their main system).
PS4 Share Play; if two people on separate PS4s want to play a game together that only one of them owns, they can join a Party and the owner of the game can have their friend play with them in the game.
Need I say more?

“Gaming is more expensive on console.”

Part one, the Software
This is one that I find… genuinely surprising. There’s been a few times I’ve mentioned that part of the reason I chose a PS4 is for budget gaming, only to told that “games are cheaper on Steam.” To be fair, there are a few games on PSN/XBL that are more expensive than they are on Steam, so I can see how someone could believe this… but apparently they forgot about disks.
Dirt Rally, a hardcore racing sim game that’s… still $60 on all 3 platforms digitally… even though its successor is out.
So does this mean you have to pay full retail for this racing experience? Nope, because disk prices.
Just Cause 3, an insane open-world experience that could essentially be summed up as “break stuff, screw physics.” And it’s a good example of where the Steam price is lower than PSN and XBL:
Not by much, but still cheaper on Steam, so cheaper on PC… Until you look at the disk prices.
See my point? Often times the game is cheaper on console because of the disk alternative that’s available for practically every console-available game. Even when the game is brand new.
Dirt 4 - Remember that Dirt Rally successor I mentioned?
Yes, you could either buy this relatively new game digitally for $60, or just pick up the disk for a discounted price. And again, this is for a game that came out 2 months ago, and even it’s predecessor’s digital cost is locked at $60. Of course, I’m not going to ignore the fact that Dirt 4 is currently (as of writing this) discounted on Steam, but on PSN it also happens to be discounted for about the same amount.
Part 2: the Subscription
Now… let’s not ignore the elephant in the room: PS Plus and Xbox Gold. Now these would be ignorable, if they weren’t required for online play (on the PlayStation side, it’s only required for PS4, but still). So yes, it’s still something that will be included in the cost of your PS4 or Xbox One/360, assuming you play online. Bummer, right?
Here’s the thing, although that’s the case, although you have to factor in this $60 cost with your console, you can make it balance out, at worst, and make it work out for you as a budget gamer, at best. As nice as it would be to not have to deal with the price if you don’t want to, it’s not like it’s a problem if you use it correctly.
Imagine going to a new restaurant. This restaurant has some meals that you can’t get anywhere else, and fair prices compared to competitors. Only problem: you have to pay a membership fee to have the sides. Now you can have the main course, sit down and enjoy your steak or pasta, but if you want to have a side to have a full meal, you have to pay an annual fee.
Sounds shitty, right? But here’s the thing: not only does this membership allow you to have sides with your meal, but it also allows you to eat two meals for free every month, and also gives you exclusive discounts for other meals, drinks, and desserts.
Let’s look at PS Plus for a minute: for $60 per year, you get:
  • 2 free PS4 games, every month
  • 2 free PS3 games, every month
  • 1 PS4/PS3 and Vita compatible game, and 1 Vita-only game, every month
  • Exclusive/Extended discounts, especially during the weekly/seasonal sales (though you don’t need PS Plus to get sales, PS Plus members get to enjoy the best sales)
  • access to online multiplayer
So yes, you’re paying extra because of that membership, but what you get with that deal pays for it and then some. In fact, let’s ignore the discounts for a minute: you get 24 free PS4 games, 24 free PS3 games, and 12 Vita only + 12 Vita compatible games, up to 72 free games every year. Even if you only one of these consoles, that’s still 24 free games a year. Sure, maybe you get games for the month that you don’t like, then just wait until next month.
In fact, let’s look at Just Cause 3 again. It was free for PS Plus members in August, which is a pretty big deal. Why is this significant? Because it’s, again, a $60 digital game. That means with this one download, you’ve balanced out your $60 annual fee. Meaning? Every free game after that is money saved, every discount after that is money saved. And this is a trend: every year, PS Plus will release a game that balances out the entire service cost, then another 23 more that will only add icing to that budget cake. Though, you could just count games as paying off PS Plus until you hit $60 in savings, but still.
All in all, PS Plus, and Xbox Gold which offers similar options, saves you money. On top of that, again, you don't need to have these to get discounts, but with these memberships, you get more discounts.
Now, I’ve seen a few Steam games go up for free for a week, but what about being free for an entire month? Not to mention that; even if you want to talk about Steam Summer Sales, what about the PSN summer sale, or again, disc sale discounts? Now a lot of research and math would be needed to see if every console gamer would save money compared to every Steam gamer for the same games, but at the very least? The costs will balance out, at worst.
Part 3, the Systems
  • Xbox and PS2: $299
  • Xbox 360 and PS3: $299 and $499, respectively
  • Xbox One and PS4: $499 and $399, respectively.
Rounded up a few dollars, that’s $1,000 - $1,300 in day-one consoles, just to keep up with the games! Crazy right? So called budget systems, such a rip-off.
Well, keep in mind that the generations here aren’t short.
The 6th generation, from the launch of the PS2 to the launch of the next generation consoles, lasted 5 years, 6 years based on the launch of the PS3 (though you could say it was 9 or 14, since the Xbox wasn’t discontinued until 2009, and the PS2 was supported all the way to 2014, a year after the PS4 was released). The 7th gen lasted 7 - 8 years, again depending on whether you count the launch of the Xbox 360 to PS3. The 8th gen so far has lasted 4 years. That’s 17 years that the console money is spread over. If you had a Netflix subscription for it’s original $8 monthly plan for that amount of time, that would be over $1,600 total.
And let’s be fair here, just like you could upgrade your PC hardware whenever you wanted, you didn’t have to get a console from launch. Let’s look at PlayStation again for example: In 2002, only two years after its release, the PS2 retail price was cut from $300 to $200. The PS3 Slim, released 3 years after the original, was $300, $100-$200 lower than the retail cost. The PS4? You could’ve either gotten the Uncharted bundle for $350, or one of the PS4 Slim bundles for $250. This all brings it down to $750 - $850, which again, is spread over a decade and a half. This isn’t even counting used consoles, sales, or the further price cuts that I didn’t mention.
Even if that still sounds like a lot of money to you, even if you’re laughing at the thought of buying new systems every several years, because your PC “is never obsolete,” tell me: how many parts have you changed out in your PC over the years? How many GPUs have you been through? CPUs? Motherboards? RAM sticks, monitors, keyboards, mice, CPU coolers, hard drives— that adds up. You don’t need to replace your entire system to spend a lot of money on hardware.
Even if you weren’t upgrading for the sake of upgrading, I’d be amazed if the hardware you’ve been pushing by gaming would last for about 1/3 of that 17 year period. Computer parts aren’t designed to last forever, and really won’t when you’re pushing them with intensive gaming for hours upon hours. Generally speaking, your components might last you 6-8 years, if you’ve got the high-end stuff. But let’s assume you bought a system 17 years ago that was a beast for it’s time, something so powerful, that even if it’s parts have degraded over time, it’s still going strong. Problem is: you will have to upgrade something eventually.
Even if you’ve managed to get this far into the gaming realm with the same 17 year old hardware, I’m betting you didn’t do it with a 17 year Operating System. How much did Windows 7 cost you? Or 8.1? Or 10? Oh, and don’t think you can skirt the cost by getting a pre-built system, the cost of Windows is embedded into the cost of the machine (why else would Microsoft allow their OS to go on so many machines).
Sure, Windows 10 was a free upgrade for a year, but that’s only half of it’s lifetime— You can’t get it for free now, and not for the past year. On top of that, the free period was an upgrade; you had to pay for 7 or 8 first anyway.
Point is, as much as one would like to say that they didn’t need to buy a new system every so often for the sake of gaming, that doesn’t mean they haven’t been paying for hardware, and even if they’ve only been PC gaming recently, you’ll be spending money on hardware soon enough.

“PC is leading the VR—“

Let me stop you right there.
If you add together the total number of Oculus Rifts and HTC Vives sold to this day, and threw in another 100,000 just for the sake of it, that number would still be under the number of PSVR headsets sold.
Why could this possibly be? Well, for a simple reason: affordability. The systems needed to run the PC headsets costs $800+, and the headsets are $500 - $600, when discounted. PSVR on the other hand costs $450 for the full bundle (headset, camera, and move controllers, with a demo disc thrown in), and can be played on either a $250 - $300 console, or a $400 console, the latter recommended. Even if you want to say that the Vive and Rift are more refined, a full PSVR set, system and all, could cost just over $100 more than a Vive headset alone.
If anything, PC isn’t leading the VR gaming market, the PS4 is. It’s the system bringing VR to the most consumers, showing them what the future of gaming could look like. Not to mention that as the PlayStation line grows more powerful (4.2 TFLOP PS4 Pro, 10 TFLOP “PS5…”), it won’t be long until the PlayStation line can use the same VR games as PC.
Either way, this shows that there is a console equivalent to the PC VR options. Sure, there are some games you'd only be able to play on PC, but there are also some games you'd only be able to play on PSVR.
…Though to be fair, if we’re talking about VR in general, these headsets don’t even hold a candle to, surprisingly, Gear VR.

“If it wasn’t for consoles holding devs back, then they would be able to make higher quality games.”

This one is based on the idea that because of how “low spec” consoles are, that when a developer has to take them in mind, then they can’t design the game to be nearly as good as it would be otherwise. I mean, have you ever seen the minimum specs for games on Steam?
GTA V
  • CPU: Intel Core 2 Quad CPU Q6600 @ 2.40GHz (4 CPUs) / AMD Phenom 9850 Quad-Core Processor (4 CPUs) @ 2.5GHz
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • GPU: NVIDIA 9800 GT 1GB / AMD HD 4870 1GB (DX 10, 10.1, 11)
Just Cause 3
  • CPU: Intel Core i5-2500k, 3.3GHz / AMD Phenom II X6 1075T 3GHz
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • GPU: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 670 (2GB) / AMD Radeon HD 7870 (2GB)
Fallout 4
  • CPU: Intel Core i5-2300 2.8 GHz/AMD Phenom II X4 945 3.0 GHz or equivalent
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • GPU: NVIDIA GTX 550 Ti 2GB/AMD Radeon HD 7870 2GB or equivalent
Overwatch
  • CPU: Intel Core i3 or AMD Phenom™ X3 8650
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • GPU: NVIDIA® GeForce® GTX 460, ATI Radeon™ HD 4850, or Intel® HD Graphics 4400
Witcher 3
  • Processor: Intel CPU Core i5-2500K 3.3GHz / AMD CPU Phenom II X4 940
  • Memory: 6 GB RAM
  • Graphics: Nvidia GPU GeForce GTX 660 / AMD GPU Radeon HD 7870
Actually, bump up all the memory requirements to 8 GBs, and those are some decent specs, relatively speaking. And keep in mind these are the minimum specs to even open the games. It’s almost as if the devs didn’t worry about console specs when making a PC version of the game, because this version of the game isn’t on console. Or maybe even that the consoles aren’t holding the games back that much because they’re not that weak. Just a hypothesis.
But I mean, the devs are still ooobviously having to take weak consoles into mind right? They could make their games sooo much more powerful if they were PC only, right? Right?
No. Not even close.
iRacing
  • CPU: Intel Core i3, i5, i7 or better or AMD Bulldozer or better
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • GPU: NVidia GeForce 2xx series or better, 1GB+ dedicated video memory / AMD 5xxx series or better, 1GB+ dedicated video memory
Playerunknown’s Battlegrounds
  • CPU: Intel Core i3-4340 / AMD FX-6300
  • Memory: 6 GB RAM
  • GPU: nVidia GeForce GTX 660 2GB / AMD Radeon HD 7850 2GB
These are PC only games. That’s right, no consoles to hold them back, they don’t have to worry about whether an Xbox One could handle it. Yet, they don’t require anything more than the Multiplatform games.
Subnautica
  • CPU: Intel Haswell 2 cores / 4 threads @ 2.5Ghz or equivalent
  • Memory: 4GB
  • GPU: Intel HD 4600 or equivalent - This includes most GPUs scoring greater than 950pts in the 3DMark Fire Strike benchmark
Rust
  • CPU: 2 ghz
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • DirectX: Version 11 (they don’t even list a GPU)
So what’s the deal? Theoretically, if developers don’t have to worry about console specs, then why aren’t they going all-out and making games that no console could even dream of supporting?
Low-end PCs.
What, did you think people only game on Steam if they spent at least $500 on gaming hardware? Not all PC gamers have gaming-PC specs, and if devs close their games out to players who don’t have the strongest of PCs, then they’d be losing out on a pretty sizable chunk of their potential buyers.
Saying “devs having to deal with consoles is holding gaming back” is like saying “racing teams having to deal with Ford is holding GT racing back.” A: racing teams don’t have to deal with Ford if they don’t want to, which is probably why many of them don’t, and B: even though Ford doesn’t make the fastest cars overall, they still manage to make cars that are awesome on their own, they don’t even need to be compared to anything else to know that they make good cars.
I want to go back to that previous point though, developers having to deal with low-end PCs, because it’s integral to the next point:

“PCs are more powerful, gaming on PC provides a better experience.”

This one isn’t so much of a misconception as it is… misleading.
Did you know that according to the Steam Hardware & Software Survey (July 2017) , the percentage of Steam gamers who use a GPU that's less powerful than that of a PS4 Slim’s GPU is well over 50%? Things get dismal when compared to the PS4 Pro (Or Xbox One X). On top of that, the percentage of PC gamers who own a Nvidia 10 series card is about 20% (about 15% for the 1060, 1080 and 1070 owners).
Now to be fair, the large majority of gamers have CPUs with considerably high clock speeds, which is the main factor in CPU gaming performance. But, the number of Steam gamers with as much RAM or more than a PS4 or Xbox One is less than 50%, which can really bottleneck what those CPUs can handle.
These numbers are hardly better than they were in 2013, all things considered. Sure, a PS3/360 weeps in the face of even a $400 PC, but in this day in age, consoles have definitely caught up.
Sure, we could mention the fact that even 1% of Steam accounts represents over 1 million accounts, but that doesn’t really matter compared to the 10s of millions of 8th gen consoles sold; looking at it that way, sure the number of Nvidia 10 series owners is over 20 million, but that ignores the fact that there are over 5 times more 8th gen consoles sold than that.
Basically, even though PCs run on a spectrum, saying they're more powerful “on average” is actually wrong. Sure, they have the potential for being more powerful, but most of the time, people aren’t willing to pay the premium to reach those extra bits of performance.
Now why is this important? What matters are the people who spent the premium cost for premium parts, right? Because of the previous point: PCs don’t have some ubiquitous quality over the consoles, developers will always have to keep low-end PCs in mind, because not even half of all PC players can afford the good stuff, and you have to look at the top quarter of Steam players before you get to PS4-Pro-level specs. If every Steam player were to get a PS4 Pro, it would be an upgrade for over 60% of them, and 70% of them would be getting an upgrade with the Xbox One X.
Sure, you could still make the argument that when you pay more for PC parts, you get a better experience than you could with a console. We can argue all day about budget PCs, but a console can’t match up to a $1,000 PC build. It’s the same as paying more for car parts, in the end you get a better car. However, there is a certain problem with that…

“You pay a little more for a PC, you get much more quality.”

The idea here is that the more you pay for PC parts, the performance increases at a faster rate than the price does. Problem: that’s not how technology works. Paying twice as much doesn’t get you twice the quality the majority of the time.
For example, let’s look at graphics cards, specifically the GeForce 10 series cards, starting with the GTX 1050.
  • 1.8 TFLOP
  • 1.35 GHz base clock
  • 2 GB VRAM
  • $110
This is our reference, our basis of comparison. Any percentages will be based on the 1050’s specs.
Now let’s look at the GTX 1050 Ti, the 1050’s older brother.
  • 2.1 TFLOP
  • 1.29 GHz base clock
  • 4 GB VRAM
  • $140 retail
This is pretty good. You only increase the price by about 27%, and you get an 11% increase in floating point speed and a 100% increase (double) in VRAM. Sure you get a slightly lower base clock, but the rest definitely makes up for it. In fact, according to GPU boss, the Ti managed 66 fps, or a 22% increase in frame rate for Battlefield 4, and a 54% increase in mHash/second in bitcoin mining. The cost increase is worth it, for the most part.
But let’s get to the real meat of it; what happens when we double our budget? Surely we should see a massive increase performance, I bet some of you are willing to bet that twice the cost means more than twice the performance.
The closest price comparison for double the cost is the GTX 1060 (3 GB), so let’s get a look at that.
  • 3.0 TFLOP
  • 1.5 GHz base clock
  • 3 GB VRAM
  • $200 retail
Well… not substantial, I’d say. About a 50% increase in floating point speed, an 11% increase in base clock speed, and a 1GB decrease in VRAM. For [almost] doubling the price, you don’t get much.
Well surely raw specs don’t tell the full story, right? Well, let’s look at some real wold comparisons. Once again, according to GPU Boss, there’s a 138% increase in hashes/second for bitcoin mining, and at 99 fps, an 83% frame rate increase in Battlefield 4. Well, then, raw specs does not tell the whole story!
Here’s another one, the 1060’s big brother… or, well, slightly-more-developed twin.
  • 3.9 TFLOP
  • 1.5 GHz base clock
  • 6 GB VRAM
  • $250 retail
Seems reasonable, another $50 for a decent jump in power and double the memory! But, as we’ve learned, we shouldn’t look at the specs for the full story.
I did do a GPU Boss comparison, but for the BF4 frame rate, I had to look at Tom’s Hardware (sorry miners, GPU boss didn’t cover the mHash/sec spec either). What’s the verdict? Well, pretty good, I’d say. With 97 FPS, a 79% increase over the 1050— wait. 97? That seems too low… I mean, the 3GB version got 99.
Well, let’s see what Tech Power Up has to say...
94.3 fps. 74% increase. Huh.
Alright alright, maybe that was just a dud. We can gloss over that I guess. Ok, one more, but let’s go for the big fish: the GTX 1080.
  • 9.0 TFLOP
  • 1.6 GHz base clock
  • 8 GB VRAM
  • $500 retail
That jump in floating point speed definitely has to be something, and 4 times the VRAM? Sure it’s 5 times the price, but as we saw, raw power doesn’t always tell the full story. GPU Boss returns to give us the run down, how do these cards compare in the real world?
Well… a 222% (over three-fold) increase in mHash speed, and a 218% increase in FPS for Battlefield 4. That’s right, for 5 times the cost, you get 3 times the performance. Truly, the raw specs don’t tell the full story.
You increase the cost by 27%, you increase frame rate in our example game by 22%. You increase the cost by 83%, you increase the frame rate by 83%. Sounds good, but if you increase the cost by 129%, and you get a 79% (-50% cost/power increase) increase in frame rate. You increase it by 358%, and you increase the frame rate by 218% (-140% cost/power increase). That’s not paying “more for much more power,” that’s a steep drop-off after the third cheapest option.
In fact, did you know that you have to get to the 1060 (6GB) before you could compare the GTX line to a PS4 Pro? Not to mention that at $250, the price of a 1060 (6GB) you could get an entire PS4 Slim bundle, or that you have to get to the 1070 before you beat the Xbox One X.
On another note, let’s look at a PS4 Slim…
  • 1.84 TFLOP
  • 800 MHz base clock
  • 8 GB VRAM
  • $300 retail
…Versus a PS4 Pro.
  • 4.2 TFLOP
  • 911 MHz base clock
  • 8 GB VRAM
  • $400 retail
128% increase in floating point speed, 13% increase in clock speed, for a 25% difference in cost. Unfortunately there is no Battlefield 4 comparison to make, but in BF1, the frame rate is doubled (30 fps to 60) and the textures are taken to 11. For what that looks like, I’ll leave it up to this bloke. Not to even mention that you can even get the texture buffs in 4K. Just like how you get a decent increase in performance based on price for the lower-cost GPUs, the same applies here.
It’s even worse when you look at the CPU for a gaming PC. The more money you spend, again, the less of a benefit you get per dollar. Hardware Unboxed covers this in a video comparing different levels of Intel CPUs. One thing to note is that the highest i7 option (6700K) in this video was almost always within 10 FPS (though for a few games, 15 FPS) of a certain CPU in that list for just about all of the games.
…That CPU was the lowest i3 (6100) option. The lowest i3 was $117 and the highest i7 was $339, a 189% price difference for what was, on average, a 30% or less difference in frame rate. Even the lowest Pentium option (G4400, $63) was often able to keep up with the i7.
The CPU and GPU are usually the most expensive and power-consuming parts of a build, which is why I focused on them (other than the fact that they’re the two most important parts of a gaming PC, outside of RAM). With both, this “pay more to get much more performance” idea is pretty much the inverse of the truth.

“The console giants are bad for game developers, Steam doesn't treat developers as bad as Microsoft or especially Sony.”

Now one thing you might’ve heard is that the PS3 was incredibly difficult for developers to make games for, which for some, fueled the idea that console hardware is difficult too develop on compared to PC… but this ignores a very basic idea that we’ve already touched on: if the devs don’t want to make the game compatible with a system, they don’t have to. In fact, this is why Left 4 Dead and other Valve games aren’t on PS3, because they didn’t want to work with it’s hardware, calling it “too complex.” This didn’t stop the game from selling well over 10 million units worldwide. If anything, this was a problem for the PS3, not the dev team.
This also ignores that games like LittleBigPlanet, Grand Theft Auto IV, and Metal Gear Solid 4 all came out in the same year as Left 4 Dead (2008) on PS3. Apparently, plenty of other dev teams didn’t have much of a problem with the PS3’s hardware, or at the very least, they got used to it soon enough.
On top of that, when developing the 8th gen consoles, both Sony and Microsoft sought to use CPUs that were easier for developers, which included making decisions that considered apps for the consoles’ usage for more than gaming. On top of that, using their single-chip proprietary CPUs is cheaper and more energy efficient than buying pre-made CPUs and boards, which is far better of a reason for using them than some conspiracy about Sony and MS trying to make devs' lives harder.
Now, console exclusives are apparently a point of contention: it’s often said that exclusive can cause developers to go bankrupt. However, exclusivity doesn’t have to be a bad thing for the developer. For example, when Media Molecule had to pitch their game to a publisher (Sony, coincidentally), they didn’t end up being tied into something detrimental to them.
Their initial funding lasted for 6 months. From then, Sony offered additional funding, in exchange for Console Exclusivity. This may sound concerning to some, but the game ended up going on to sell almost 6 million units worldwide and launched Media Molecule into the gaming limelight. Sony later bought the development studio, but 1: this was in 2010, two years after LittleBigPlanet’s release, and 2: Media Molecule seem pretty happy about it to this day. If anything, signing up with Sony was one of the best things they could’ve done, in their opinion.
Does this sound like a company that has it out for developers? There are plenty of examples that people will use to put Valve in a good light, but even Sony is comparatively good to developers.

“There are more PC gamers.”

The total number of active PC gamers on Steam has surpassed 120 million, which is impressive, especially considering that this number is double that of 2013’s figure (65 million). But the number of monthly active users on Xbox Live and PSN? About 120 million (1, 2) total. EDIT: You could argue that this isn't an apples-to-apples comparison, sure, so if you want to, say, compare the monthly number of Steam users to console? Steam has about half of what consoles do, at 67 million.
Now, back to the 65 million total user figure for Steam, the best I could find for reference for PlayStation's number was an article giving the number of registered PSN accounts in 2013, 150 million. In a similar 4-year period (2009 - 2013), the number of registered PSN accounts didn’t double, it sextupled, or increased by 6 fold. Considering how the PS4 is already at 2/3 of the number of sales the PS3 had, even though it’s currently 3 years younger than its predecessor, I’m sure this trend is at least generally consistent.
For example, let’s look at DOOM 2016, an awesome faced-paced shooting title with graphics galore… Of course, on a single platform, it sold best on PC/Steam. 2.36 million Steam sales, 2.05 million PS4 sales, 1.01 million Xbox One sales.
But keep in mind… when you add the consoles sales together, you get over 3 million sales on the 8th gen systems. Meaning: this game was best sold on console. In fact, the Steam sales have only recently surpassed the PS4 sales. By the way VG charts only shows sales for physical copies of the games, so the number of PS4 and Xbox sales, when digital sales are included, are even higher than 3 million.
This isn’t uncommon, by the way.
Even with the games were the PC sales are higher than either of the consoles, there generally are more console sales total. But, to be fair, this isn’t anything new. The number of PC gamers hasn’t dominated the market, the percentages have always been about this much. PC can end up being the largest single platform for games, but consoles usually sell more copies total.
EDIT: There were other examples but... Reddit has a 40,000-character limit.

"Modding is only on PC."

Xbox One is already working on it, and Bethesda is helping with that.
PS4 isn't far behind either. You could argue that these are what would be the beta stages of modding, but that just means modding on consoles will only grow.

What’s the Point?

This isn’t to say that there’s anything wrong with PC gaming, and this isn’t to exalt consoles. I’m not here to be the hipster defending the little guy, nor to be the one to try to put down someone/thing out of spite. This is about showing that PCs and consoles are overall pretty similar because there isn’t much dividing them, and that there isn’t anything wrong with being a console gamer. There isn’t some chasm separating consoles and PCs, at the end of the day they’re both computers that are (generally) designed for gaming. This about unity as gamers, to try to show that there shouldn’t be a massive divide just because of the computer system you game on. I want gamers to be in an environment where specs don't separate us; whether you got a $250 PS4 Slim or just built a $2,500 gaming PC, we’re here to game and should be able to have healthy interactions regardless of your platform.
I’m well aware that this isn’t going to fix… much, but this needs to be said: there isn’t a huge divide between the PC and consoles, they’re far more similar than people think. There are upsides and downsides that one has that the other doesn’t on both sides. There’s so much more I could touch on, like how you could use SSDs or 3.5 inch hard drives with both, or that even though PC part prices go down over time, so do consoles, but I just wanted to touch on the main points people try to use to needlessly separate the two kinds of systems (looking at you PCMR) and correct them, to get the point across.
I thank anyone who takes the time to read all of this, and especially anyone who doesn’t take what I say out of context. I also want to note that, again, this isn’tanti-PC gamer.” If it were up to me, everyone would be a hybrid gamer.
Cheers.
submitted by WhyyyCantWeBeFriends to unpopularopinion [link] [comments]

kali linux miner

so i have a laptop and it is runing crapy a intel hd graphics card and the os is kali linux and im trying to mine bitcoin on it
so realy i need a miner
but my main miner is runing minergate but minergate is not working on the kali linux.?.?
submitted by itsme4866 to bitcoinminers [link] [comments]

I bought a 3 Tb harddrive just as a new cryptocurrency came out which I could mine with it on 8/10. Sold what I mined on Saturday for this.

EVGA Z97 FTW (142-HR-E977-KR) LGA 1150 Intel Z97 HDMI SATA 6Gb/s USB 3.0 ATX Intel Motherboard
Rosewill RISE Black ATX Full Tower Dual PSU Computer Case, support up to E-ATX, come with Four Fans-3x Front 120mm Fan, 1x Rear 140mm Fan
Intel Core i5-4670K Haswell Quad-Core 3.4GHz LGA 1150 84W Desktop Processor Intel HD Graphics BX80646I54670K
G.SKILL Ripjaws Series 8GB (2 x 4GB) 240-Pin DDR3 SDRAM DDR3 1600 (PC3 12800) Desktop Memory Model F3-12800CL9D-8GBRL
I always find it worth it to glance at bitcointalk a couples times a day to see if a new idea comes up with a possibility for profit. I just happened to see burst immediately after I bought the harddrive so gave it a shot. A 4 TB will still give you ~$20 a day mining it but that will constantly decrease as time goes on.
The great part about cryptocurrency is even if your equpment is subpar, like mine was, if a coin is brand new you can still generally make a very nice profit.
submitted by 75000_Tokkul to beermoney [link] [comments]

Wanna Build a Hybrid Value/Performance PC? No Budget; Preferably $900-$1,700 PLS Help!

Wanna Build a Hybrid Value/Performance PC? PLS Help!
Ok so, I have never built a PC and have a relative baseline of knowledge on computer parts. I’ve been learning about specs, different parts, and how pc’s can be specifically built for specific purposes over the past 3 weeks. So if you do want to help, know that I’m not ENTIRELY clueless, and that I’m not here to waste your time.
With that being said, let’s get into it.
Intro:
I’m looking to build a pc.
I have a 2013 Macbook Air. Base model, but with 256gb of ssd.
The Laptop isn’t exactly satisfying my needs anymore, and so here I am.
What I will use this pc for:
I’m going to be browsing and streaming video with up to 100 tabs open at once.
I’ll be gaming playing 1st/3rd person shooters (Battlefield, PUBG) and LoL. I might get into strategy games like Ashes or Civ 6; maybe action/adventure as well. Idk yet.
I MIGHT have some LIGHT content creation (Youtube), but honestly I will probably be too lazy and time consumed to waste energy here. W Sony Vegas
I will most likely have multiple browsers and tabs open and gaming at the same time.
I will probably also be using 2 monitors at a time as well (Multi-display is preferable)
MUST HAVE SPEC(S) FOR THE PC:
Wifi Compatibility - I’m in the other corner of my parents’ house and won’t move out for a year or so. So this is a MUST HAVE. Period.
Value (I seriously do not want to waste my money. I need bang for buck. MIND YOU, I am also willing to spend it if the value is there.) This is also a MUST HAVE. Btw I don’t give a shit about rbg or color schemes. lol let’s build a sleeper….
Preferred Specs:
Value - I have come to find over the past 3 weeks that I care for this A LOT. I have no budget, but don’t want to spend more than $1,500 - $1,800 on the PC alone. Only the PC. Doesn’t include Monitor, keyboard, mouse, desk, chair, ect.
Longevity - I want to get a good, Upper-mid tier pc that won’t need GPU or CPU Upgrading for 4-6 years.
Solid Graphics - I am not going to buy any processor with lesser power than a Geforce GTX 1060. The 1060 and 980 are as low as I’ll go. Right now I’m looking at a 1070 or 1070 Ti, maybe a 1080, probably not a 1080 Ti.
Upper Class CPU - I don’t care if it’s AMD or Intel. Ryzen is SLIGHTLY better with content creation and is slightly cheaper, but remember, I’m here for Gaming. I’m more than fine with intel if i get more bang for buck. Currently looking at Ryzen 5 2600X. I’M OPEN FOR SUGGESTIONS AND BETTER VALUE OPTIONS!
Ram - I hate to shovel out money here, but i will. DDR4 8GB @2400 Min 16GB Max
SSD - Currently Looking at a Samsung Evo 850 (I think, can’t remember)
Motherboard - I will probably be upgrading this PC overtime, So I kind of want a mid-tier Motherboard that can support future upgrades
Compatability - No shit. Need a compatible motherboard and compatable parts
Additional Air Fan(s) - I want my pc cool man…. Not spending money here
Monitor - At least 144hz, lower input latency, 1080p is fine. I don’t need 1440 or higher. I know this also plays into what the CPU and GPU are capable of. I don’t care for curved or wide monitors either. Don’t care.
Power Supply: 650W Gold 550W Gold might be fine though. I’m not planning on overclocking, but if I become interested over the years, I’ll just upgrade this.
Cable Management - Who doesn't want this nowadays?
Non-Preferred Specs:
Liquid Cooling - I will upgrade to this over time
Customized Case - Eh. Take it or leave it. I won’t spend more than $100 here.
Hard Drive - I don’t care really. 1Tb, 2TB, 3TB. I actually bought a 2TB HDD that has never been used for my PS4, so if I can use that for the PC then cool. I might have to look that up, or get informed. I assume it’s possible and easy.
RGB - Idc
GSYNC/FreeSync - Eh, yeah this is nice when playing Shooters, but it costs too much extra for such a minuscule impact
Sound Card - LMAO. Don’t Bother
Headset - Have one
Mouse - Have a Corsair MMO mouse. IDK what it’s called. Cost about $55
(Gaming) Chair - Not necessary and I have one anyways
Yes, I have left some components out.
So in the end, Im looking for either a budget option between $700-$1,200 or just a solid gaming PC between $1,200-$1,700.
I’ve tried going to local stores, but i’ve been getting quoted $200-$500 just to build the pc, which is absurd.
I’ve also looked into Pre-built Pcs because of bitcoin and precious metal mining racking up GPU and Ram Prices.
If you’re interested here are the PC’s I’ve been looking at and semi-decent pricing:
  1. https://www.bestbuy.com/site/cyberpower-desktop-intel-core-i5-8gb-memory-nvidia-geforce-gtx-1060-2tb-hard-drive-240gb-solid-state-drive-black/6242900.p?skuId=6242900SKU: 6242900
  2. https://www.bestbuy.com/site/cyberpowerpc-desktop-amd-ryzen-5-8gb-memory-nvidia-geforce-gtx-1060-1tb-hard-drive-120gb-solid-state-drive-white/6204026.p?skuId=6204026SKU: 6204026
  3. https://www.bestbuy.com/site/cyberpowerpc-gamer-master-desktop-amd-ryzen-5-16gb-memory-nvidia-geforce-gtx-1070-120gb-ssd-1tb-hard-drive-white/5848608.p?skuId=5848608SKU: 5848608 The Specs and pricing for this pc are nearly perfect for me, BUT no WiFi compatability. RIP.
  4. https://www.bestbuy.com/site/cyberpowerpc-gamer-master-desktop-amd-ryzen-5-16gb-memory-nvidia-geforce-gtx-1080-240gb-ssd-2tb-hard-drive-black/5848611.p?skuId=5848611SKU: 5848611
  5. https://www.bestbuy.com/site/cyberpowerpc-desktop-amd-ryzen-7-series-16gb-memory-nvidia-geforce-gtx-1070-ti-240gb-solid-state-drive-2tb-hard-drive-black/6155211.p?skuId=6155211SKU: 6155211
  6. https://www.bestbuy.com/site/cyberpowerpc-desktop-intel-core-i7-16gb-memory-nvidia-geforce-gtx-1070-ti-240gb-solid-state-drive-3tb-hard-drive-black/6155207.p?skuId=6155207SKU: 6155207 This PC seems like less bang for buck, and Im not as big of a fan because of that.
So yeah that’s where I am. I can currently build a PC like #4 for around $1300 Brand new, even though I have no fucking clue as to what I’m doing, Which would save about $100-$130.
On a side note:
Im currently thinking about building a value pc for $700-$900 as an entry level pc, and then building a stronger one over the years.
I also would love for my Pc to be mobile given my current living situation.
With those two things being said, Would a Mini PC be a decent option?
NOW, Keep In mind I’m Playing League with a 2013 MacBook Air @ 25-35 FPS Average going as low as 6FPS (Yes…Fucking Six…) with Constant App crashes on a BLAZING Intel HD 5000 GPU, 1.3GHz Intel Core I5-4250U, and 4MB DDR3 @1,600Mhz of Ram.
Yeah.
Kill me…..
I’m Looking at these currently:
https://store.zotac.com/magnus-en1060-plus-i3-zbox-en1060-p-u-i3Magnus EN1060 PLUS I3 SKU: ZBOX-EN1060-P-U-I3
https://store.zotac.com/magnus-en1060k-zbox-en1060k-u Magnus EN1060K SKU: ZBOX-EN1060K-U
At first glance I thought they looked like shit, but I can take them anywhere, and are cheaper than buying a laptop with the same specs.
To Wrap It Up:
Is it worth it to buy a pre-built with the market conditions? Is it worth it to buy a budget Mini-PC given my living conditions and Lifestyle? (I’m always going over to friends’ dorms and apartments for the weekend as well. I forgot to mention that)
Or do you guys wanna help craft a VALUE gaming pc capping out at $1,700? That sounds like the most fun to me personally.
PLEASE HELP! I’m easy to work with and will POUR over any information you guys give me. I Love to learn, I take spending my money seriously, and I need some serious help here. Maybe you guys could school me on what to look for when comparing CPUs as well. I’ve noticed that base speeds aren’t everything, but cores and threads aren’t always everything either.
submitted by TwerkforTacos to buildapc [link] [comments]

New to r/Tokenmining? click here for more in-depth info!

What is EIP:918?

EIP:918 is an Ethereum Improvement Proposal for standardizing mineable token distribution using Proof of Work.
The primary driver behind the standard is to address the very broken ICO model that currently plagues the Ethereum network. Token distribution via the ICO model and it’s derivatives has always been susceptible to illicit behavior by bad actors. New token projects are centralized by nature because a single entity must handle and control all of the initial coins and all of the the raised ICO money. By distributing tokens via an alternative ‘Initial Mining Offering’ (or IMO), the ownership of the token contract no longer belongs with the deployer at all and the deployer is ‘just another user.’ As a result, investor risk exposure utilizing a mined token distribution model is significantly diminished. This standard is intended to be standalone, allowing maximum interoperability with ERC20, ERC721, and future token standards.
The most effective economic side effect of Satoshi Nakamoto’s desire to secure the original Bitcoin network with Proof of Work hash mining was tethering the coin to real computing power, thereby removing centralized actors. Transitioning the responsibility of work back onto individual miners, government organizations have no jurisdiction over the operation of a pure mined token economy. Oversight is removed from an equation whereby miners are providing economic effort in direct exchange of a cryptographic commodity. This facilitates decentralized distribution and establishes all involved parties as stakeholders. The ERC918 standard allows projects to be funded through decentralized computing power instead of centralized, direct-fiat conversion.
The Ethereum blockchain in its current state exists as a thriving ecosystem which allows any individual to store immutable records in a permission-less, invulnerable and transparent manner. Recently, there have been proposals to mitigate some initial ICO investment risks through the introduction of the DAICO model that relies on timed and automated value transfers via the smart contract tapping mechanism. However, this does not align a token smart contract as a non-security and still has the potential to put investors at risk if not implemented carefully, relying on centralized actors to be fair and community intended. Allowing users of the network direct access to tokens by performing computations as a proof of work supplies allows any smart contract to distribute a token in a safe and controlled manner similar to the release of a commodity.
As of 2017, all Ethereum token distribution methods were flawed and susceptible to Sybil attacks. A Sybil attack is a form of computer security attack where one person pretends to be many people with multiple computer accounts in order to manipulate a system in a malicious way. ICOs and airdrops are highly susceptible to these type of attacks so there is no way to verify that all ERC20 tokens distributed by the deployer were doled out fairly or unfairly. Proof of Work distribution is resistant to Sybil attacks. This means that ERC918 tokens are among the first trustless Ethereum tokens in the world. The distribution of ERC918 tokens is fair because they are allotted via an open, decentralized mathematical algorithm (that anyone can view on the mainnet blockchain) and not a centralized human monarchy.
ERC918’s first incarnation (and inspiration) was the 0xBitcoin project that launched in early 2018. Since then, several projects have realized the standard in innovative and creative ways. Catether (0xCATE) erupted early and additionally mints payback tokens during transfer operations to offset gas costs. 0xGold and 0xLitecoin each implement the first on-chain merge-mining with 0xBitcoin and the Mineable Gem project extends the standard onto a non-fungible collectible artifacts, whereby each gem has a unique mining difficulty. The Mineable project is a newer initiative that provides users with the ability to create mineable ERC20 tokens on-chain without writing a line of code and includes a virtualized hashing artifact market that allows miners to purchase on-chain vGPUs to improve mining difficulty and rewards. (written by jlogelin) ​

MINING IN A NUTSHELL

0xBitcoin is a Smart Contract on the Ethereum network, and the concept of Token Mining is patterned after Bitcoin's distribution. Rather than solving 'blocks', work is issued by the contract, which also maintains a Difficulty which goes up or down depending on how often a Reward is issued. Miners can put their hardware to work to claim these rewards, in concert with specialized software, working either by themselves or together as a Pool. The total lifetime supply of 0xBitcoin is 21,000,000 tokens and rewards will repeatedly halve over time.
The 0xBitcoin contract was deployed by Infernal_Toast at Ethereum address: 0xb6ed7644c69416d67b522e20bc294a9a9b405b31
0xBitcoin's smart contract, running on the Ethereum network, maintains a changing "Challenge" (that is generated from the previous Ethereum block hash) and an adjusting Difficulty Target. Like traditional mining, the miners use the SoliditySHA3 algorithm to solve for a Nonce value that, when hashed alongside the current Challenge and their Minting Ethereum Address, is less-than-or-equal-to the current Difficulty Target. Once a miner finds a solution that satisfies the requirements, they can submit it into the contract (calling the Mint() function). This is most often done through a mining pool. The Ethereum address that submits a valid solution first is sent the 50 0xBTC Reward.
(In the case of Pools, valid solutions that do not satisfy the full difficulty specified by the 0xBitcoin contract, but that DO satisfy the Pool's specified Minimum Share Difficulty, get a 'share'. When one of the Miners on that Pool finds a "Full" solution, the number of shares each miner's address has submitted is used to calculate how much of the 50 0xBTC reward they will get. After a Reward is issued, the Challenge changes.
A Retarget happens every 1024 rewards. In short, the Contract tries to target an Average Reward Time of about 60 times the Ethereum block time. So (at the time of this writing):
~13.9 seconds \* 60 = 13.9 minutes
If the average Reward Time is longer than that, the difficulty will decrease. If it's shorter, it will increase. How much longer or shorter it was affects the magnitude with which the difficulty will rise/drop, to a maximum of 50%. * Click Here to visit the stats page~ (https://0x1d00ffff.github.io/0xBTC-Stats) to see recent stats and block times, feel free to ask questions about it if you need help understanding it.

MINING HARDWARE

Presently, 0xBitcoin and "Alt Tokens" can be mined on GPUs, CPUs, IGPs (on-CPU graphics) and certain FPGAs. The most recommended hardware is nVidia graphics cards for their efficiency, ubiquity and relatively low cost. As general rules, the more cores and the higher core frequency (clock) you can get, the more Tokens you will earn!
Mining on nVidia cards:
Mining on AMD cards:
Mining on IGPs (e.g. AMD Radeon and Intel HD Graphics):
Clocks and Power Levels:

MINING SOFTWARE AND DESCRIPTIONS

For the most up-to-date version info, download links, thread links and author contact information, please see this thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/8o06dk/links_to_the_newestbest_miners_for_nvidia_amd/ Keep up to date for the latest speed, stability and feature enhancements!
COSMiC Miner by LtTofu:
SoliditySha3Miner by Amano7:
AIOMiner All-In-One GPU Miner:
TokenMiner by MVis (Mining-Visualizer):
"Nabiki"/2.10.4 by Azlehria:
~Older Miners: Older and possibly-unsupported miner versions can be found at the above link for historical purposes and specific applications- including the original NodeJS CPU miner by Infernal Toast/Zegordo, the '1000x' NodeJS/C++ hybrid version of 0xBitcoin-Miner and Mikers' enhanced CUDA builds.

FOR MORE INFORMATION...

If you have any trouble, the friendly and helpful 0xBitcoin community will be happy to help you out. Discord has kind of become 0xBTC's community hub, you can get answers the fastest from devs and helpful community members. Or message one of the community members on reddit listed below.
Links
submitted by GeoffedUP to Tokenmining [link] [comments]

2 predictions I make for the "Surface Phone" + comment yours!

  1. It will only allow the execution of x86 apps in Continuum mode/when connected to a larger display
Reason: Legacy Win32 apps were not designed with small form factor touchscreens in mind, and most of them will show really bad scaling problems on a screen that fits something like a 1920x1080 or 2560x1440 resolution on a 5-6" canvas when they can't even adapt correctly to the fairly common "high"DPI laptop screens of today. No, so long as you use the phone as a phone you will have UWP Apps at your disposal and Win32 apps will likely be greyed out similar to how WinRT8.1 apps are greyed out when you use a Windows 10 Mobile phone in Continuum mode. It might also have some strategic value, as Surface devices are popular in business and among professionals, and as they use the phone as a phone they will notice things they can do in continuum mode with x86 apps that they wish they could do on the go too, but can't - this might lead to more old apps being rewritten for the UWP, maybe as a lighter version (like Microsoft did with the Office Mobile suite). Also, Microsoft already said they will bring Win32 apps to the store - through project Westminster - and I believe this may be important for the Surface Phone as phone users are used to getting apps from the store, and not only is it more tedious to download programs from the internet and install them on a phone, but also the oft-bundled adware or famous browser toolbar installers might cause issues on the new device due to its possibly customized OS (I say it's going to be Windows 10 Mobile + Win32 comaptibility, not desktop Win 10)
  1. It will have a display dock similar to munchkin/the HD-500 that we currently see on sale for the Lumia 950 and 950 XL (to which it will be backwards-compatible because USB Type-C obviously) BUT I say they will make a new dock for the Surface line (just like they did last year again with the Pro 3 dock revised to the Pro 4-era dock) that will be able to connect an external GPU to any 2016-era-and-newer Surface device - bei it Surface Pro 5, Surface Book 2 or Surface Phone - thanks to USB Type-C and Thunderbolt it doesn't matter. Basically this except way more elegant and with Ethernet as well on it
Reason: Not only are U-class Intel Processors (ultra-low-power) becoming standard in ultrabooks, they're also actually powerful enough for basically anything save for the most extreme tasks (say bitcoin mining e.g.) - this is great, but the only thing still lacking in todays mobile devices is therefore the graphics performance. And Microsoft showed us with last years Surface Book Gen.1 that they are working on making a dockable GPU that can be removed mid-operation work, and they are not afraid to include this functionality on their Surface brand premium devices. I say why would the Surface phone possibly not have something similar? Yes, the Surface Book connects via PCI-e to its GPU, and the Surface Phone would probably have to do it via Thunderbolt/USB-C BUT the connector is not what matters, what matters is that Windows 10 - and maybe a little custom software from Microsoft - can make dockable and "plug and play" GPUs a thing on a device running Windows 10, which the Surface Phone will obviously.
Tell me your predictions in the comments, another idea I had was a "type" cover that's really just a nice big trackpad so you don't obscure the screen when you use it but I'm not 100% on that, especially since Dan Rubino has hinted since then that a few people that might have seen the device have reported a keyboard-accessory to go with it, and a trackpad is not a keyboard.
submitted by jantari to windowsphone [link] [comments]

Can I enjoy Skyrim on these specs?

I see on Steam that I don't meet their recommended specs. But I can't afford to upgrade my graphics card until the bitcoin mining fad slows down and prices return to normal. Should I bother buying and playing Skyrim or should I wait and upgrade? My specs:
Intel® Core™ Processor i5-6600K 32GB Vengeance 3000MHz RAM AMD RX 480 4GB Graphics 1TB SSD 7200 RPM HD
Thanks!
submitted by jasonmo68 to skyrimvr [link] [comments]

Get my mining rig to boot, I'll pay you +$30 in bitcoin right now!

Whoever get's my mining rig to boot up and get mining properly, will be sent +$30 in bitcoin instantly from my coinbase account. I have bitcoin ready to be sent as soon as my system is up and running. Please take a look at the info below and reply with a solution! First person to fix my rig will be sent the bitcoin!
The setup:
MOBO: ASRock Fatal1ty Z87 Killer LGA 1150 Intel Z87 CPU:Intel Pentium G3220 Haswell 3.0GHz LGA 1150 PSUs: 2x EVGA SuperNOVA 1000 G2 80 PLUS GOLD Certified 1000W GPUs: 2x SAPPHIRE 11197-03-CPO Radeon HD 7970 3GB 3x GIGABYTE GV-R928XOC-3GD REV2 Radeon R9 280X 3GB Memory: 2x 4GB DDR3 1600mhz Corsair Vengence Other: 16x and 1x molex powered risers, add2psu adapter
I have three gigabyte windforce gpu's and two sapphire 7970 cards. For some reason I cannot get my rig to boot with 4 gpu's or more. I got my rig to boot into win8.1 a day ago with 4 gpu's but after restarting it, It refused to post again. I have risers on all the slots and have tried configurations with the gpu's in different slots. I have jumped the A1 and B17 pins on two of the 1x pci-e slots (last two 1x slots furthest from the cpu) and jumped the A1 and B81 pins on three 16x pci-e slots. I've tried configs with two 280x gpu's on 16x risers and with two 7970 gpu's on 1x risers. I've also tried three 280x gpu's on 16x risers and one 7970 gpu on a 1x riser. I've tried many similar configs but I have had little to no luck. Im using dual psu's with the add2psu adapter. They're the same evga 1000w psu's. All the risers are powered too. And I do receive 5 beeps as an error code through the mobo speaker when I try to boot sometimes. If not, the fans just get loud and the system never boots. All the graphics cards are plugged into the primary psu and so are all the molex cables powering the gpu risers. The second psu only has a single 24 pin cable being plugged into the add2psu adapter.
Working solutions will be rewarded! Thanks :D
-Ted
submitted by stoned_atm to litecoinmining [link] [comments]

10 years since last PC, going for Video Editing, Games, and maybe compositing and 3d graphics. Thoughts?

Build Help/Ready:

Have you read the sidebar and rules? (Please do)
Yep
What is your intended use for this build? The more details the better.
Going for Video Editing, Games, and maybe compositing and 3d graphics. I edit on premiere and use after effects for work. I do want to try bitcoin mining out of curiosity
If gaming, what kind of performance are you looking for? (Screen resolution, FPS, game settings)
Ultra high, maybe things like Fallout 4, Skyrim. Thinking of playing on my tv via hdmi cable
What is your budget (ballpark is okay)?
1000-1300
In what country are you purchasing your parts?
USA
Post a draft of your potential build here (specific parts please). Consider formatting your parts list. Don't ask to be spoonfed a build (read the rules!).
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant
Type Item Price
CPU Intel Core i7-6700 3.4GHz Quad-Core Processor $294.99 @ SuperBiiz
CPU Cooler Cooler Master Hyper 212 EVO 82.9 CFM Sleeve Bearing CPU Cooler $19.99 @ Newegg
Motherboard ASRock Z170A-X1/3.1 ATX LGA1151 Motherboard $60.98 @ Newegg
Memory G.Skill Ripjaws V Series 16GB (2 x 8GB) DDR4-3000 Memory $98.99 @ Newegg
Storage Samsung 850 EVO-Series 1TB 2.5" Solid State Drive $249.99 @ B&H
Video Card Asus GeForce GTX 1070 8GB Dual Series Video Card $364.99 @ Newegg
Case NZXT S340 (White) ATX Mid Tower Case $59.99 @ Newegg
Power Supply EVGA SuperNOVA NEX 650W 80+ Gold Certified Fully-Modular ATX Power Supply $69.89 @ OutletPC
Operating System Microsoft Windows 10 Pro OEM 64-bit $98.99 @ My Choice Software
Prices include shipping, taxes, rebates, and discounts
Total (before mail-in rebates) $1408.80
Mail-in rebates -$90.00
Total $1318.80
Generated by PCPartPicker 2016-11-29 04:35 EST-0500
Provide any additional details you wish below.
I just picked up an I7 4.0ghz off ebay and a 1tb ssd hd off ebay via neweggs account. It was cheap but the tax killed me. Might need another 4tb regular sata hd for video footage.
Got these off ebay (after taxs)
I7 core $299.74(link seems to have upped the price) http://www.ebay.com/itm/301748591787
1tb hd $239.79 http://www.ebay.com/itm/302130800590
Id also like to future proof this for the next few years.
submitted by cykwon to buildapc [link] [comments]

[First Post] I was referred to Reddit.

Hello Redditors!
I was referred here by a floor mate of mine, she said, 'Reddit is the place to go if you ever need ANYTHING.' She made sure to emphasis the anything part.
I recently bought a complete desktop off of a fellow on Craigslist. (The guy I bought it off of is in the United States Army, and he had to literally sell it quick while he was in town. He was being shipped off to California, and was just going to throw it away if he didn't sell it.)
He was asking $75.00 for the complete setup, which I thought was decent. I emailed him an offer of $50.00, knowing his hardware was a little dated. After approximately 12 days of going back and forth, I finally was able to meet this guy and complete the exchange.
He gave me a monitor, tower, router, mouse, keyboard all for $40.00; he shaved $10.00 off for it being Christmas and all when we met. Here is a little more detail about each of the individual items.
The Monitor - It's an eMachines monitor, running 1366x768 with a 60Hz refresh. Great condition.
The Tower - It's an eMachines ET1331G-05w Model. This tower is different though, it has 2 HDDs (750GB and 200GB) and a discrete graphics card! (ATI Radeon HD 5450, to be exact.) It's running Windows 7, and I haven't used it for anything besides general web browsing and light BitCoin mining.
The Router - It was a brand spanking new NETGEAR N900 Wireless Dual Band USB Adapter, and it works great! (I was looking in stores, and it was $60.00 or so brand new!)
The Keyboard - I believe it to be the stock eMachines keyboard, nothing special. It has the Volume controller at top, with a sleep button on the right.
The Mouse - It's just a Microsoft optical mouse from what I can tell about it.
So, for a grand total of $40, I don't believe I did that bad for what I got. Allow me to get back on track with why I posted here...
My friend told me that I'd be able to get help here with building a more up-to-date computer. She explained how it's cheaper and I'd get a better computer for my dollar. I saw that there was this part of Reddit -> /buildapcforme - I don't want someone else to build my computer for me.
So, instead of going that route, I am going to propose a build and get some feedback on it.
I plan on making this the central-hub for just about everything.... Gaming, Movies, Music, Work, etc... I run Photoshop, NetBeans, Eclipse, and so much more!
Here is the AMD Build:
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant / Benchmarks
Type Item Price
CPU AMD FX-8350 4.0GHz 8-Core Processor $185.99 @ NCIX US
Motherboard Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD3 ATX AM3+ Motherboard $124.62 @ NCIX US
Memory Corsair Vengeance 16GB (2 x 8GB) DDR3-1866 Memory $105.97 @ Compuvest
Storage Seagate Barracuda 2TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive $89.99 @ NCIX US
Video Card Gigabyte Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card $297.98 @ SuperBiiz
Case Corsair Vengeance C70 (Black) ATX Mid Tower Case $114.99 @ Microcenter
Power Supply Corsair Professional Gold 850W 80 PLUS Gold Certified ATX12V / EPS12V Power Supply $179.99 @ NCIX US
Optical Drive Asus BW-12B1ST/BLK/G/AS Blu-Ray/DVD/CD Writer $59.60 @ NCIX US
Total
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available. $1159.13
Generated by PCPartPicker 2012-12-31 00:55 EST-0500
Here is the Intel Build:
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant / Benchmarks
Type Item Price
CPU Intel Core i5-3570K 3.4GHz Quad-Core Processor $189.99 @ Microcenter
Motherboard Gigabyte GA-Z77X-D3H ATX LGA1155 Motherboard $119.99 @ Newegg
Memory Corsair Vengeance 16GB (2 x 8GB) DDR3-1600 Memory $87.99 @ Newegg
Storage Seagate Barracuda 2TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive $89.99 @ NCIX US
Video Card Gigabyte GeForce GTX 660 Ti 3GB Video Card $321.97 @ Newegg
Case Corsair Vengeance C70 (Black) ATX Mid Tower Case $114.99 @ Microcenter
Power Supply Corsair Professional Gold 850W 80 PLUS Gold Certified ATX12V / EPS12V Power Supply $179.99 @ NCIX US
Optical Drive Asus BW-12B1ST/BLK/G/AS Blu-Ray/DVD/CD Writer $59.60 @ NCIX US
Total
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available. $1164.51
Generated by PCPartPicker 2012-12-31 01:23 EST-0500
I feel more comfortable with AMD, because it's all I have ever used. I also like the idea of EyeFinity.
TL/DR -> What are your thoughts Reddit? Does my AMD Build look good? Does the Intel build look good?
Current Score
AMD - 1 Intel - 2
submitted by Pezikrypt to buildapc [link] [comments]

[Troubleshooting] I have a super weird build with 2 GPU's, and I'm getting no video output from either. The commenter that fixes my problem will be gilded.

(I posted this question to /litecoinmining (and /dogemining), but only got one answer. Just to be sure I want a few more opinions before I go ahead)
I've bought an R9 270, and I have it set up inside a milk crate (litecoin miners know what I'm talking about). The milk crate is sitting next to my gaming computer (I bought a very, very long USB riser to attach the GPU), and I have plugged the gaming computer's PSU into both the powered riser and the new GPU's 6-pin slot. The R9 270 is meant to serve as a full-time bitcoin miner, and is drawing it's power from my gaming computer.
However, when I tried to turn on the computer (with both the 6850 and the R9 270 plugged in), almost everything would work fine. I have checked and made sure the CPU, graphics cards, and the hard drive are working fine. However, my monitors would get no input from both the 6850 and the motherboard's HDMI plug. (My motherboard is an Asrock H61M/U3S3)
I then unplugged the R9 270 + it's 1x to 16x riser, and both PSU cords. When I booted the computer back up, I miraculously started getting video input again.
One last thing: Whenever I run the PC while the R9 270 is plugged in, the PC shuts down as soon as I press the power button. Not sure if this is relevant at all, but just thought this could help anyone looking for a solution.
What I've done so far:
What should I do to restore video to my PC so that I can get the mining card set up?
My Gaming Computer's Partlist:
CPU: Intel Pentium G620 2.6GHz Dual-Core Processor
Motherboard: ASRock H61M/U3S3 Micro ATX LGA1155
Motherboard Memory: Corsair 4GB (2 x 2GB) DDR3-1333
Memory Storage: Seagate Barracuda 500GB 3.5" 7200RPM
Video Card: Sapphire Radeon HD 6850 1GB Video Card (Plus the previously mentioned R9 270)
Case: NZXT Phantom 410 (Black/White) ATX Mid Tower Case
Power Supply: Antec Basiq Plus 550W 80+ Certified Semi-Modular ATX Power Supply
TL;DR Installed a R9 270 into my gaming computer as a 24/7 bitcoin mining card. But when I plug it in, I don't get any video from neither my motherboard, the R9 270, nor my 6850. What do I do to restore video?
submitted by Blockman2975 to buildapc [link] [comments]

need some help to start mining on my macbook air

hi guys. i've known of BitCoins for a while, but i've just started to really learn about them this past week. nobody i know knows anything about them, so i'm trying to just teach myself from the internet. i started by reading a ton of start off guides and whatnot. i have the bitcoin-qt wallet to start off with. next, since pool mining is my main interest, i followed this guide after the wallet, i downloaded rpcminer for my mac. next, i set up an account on slush's pool and finished the instructions. i think i did everything right, but when i run rpcminer i get

"Starting RPCminer (CPU)...

Client will start 4 miner threads Work will be refreshed every 4000 ms Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 Could not retrieve work from RPC server. CURL return value = 7 No blocks are being hashed right now. This can happen if the application is still starting up, you supplied incorrect parameters, or there is a communications error connecting to the RPC server. Could not retrieve work from RPC server."
any help would be greatly appreciated! how can i fix this error? or are the different mining softwares or mining pools that work better? i've tried really hard to get this working myself but i seem to be stuck. i'd really appreciate any hands-on help i can get from people who know their stuff.
i have a macboook air with a 1.8GHz intel core i5 ivy bridge processor, and the integrated intel HD Graphics 4000 512 MB. if you need any more information i didn't include to help me, please say so i can fill you in. thanks a ton for looking!
Edit- thanks everybody for all the help! Its greatly appreciated. I never thought about overheating it. I'll just consider other options if i do decide to get somewhat serious into mining, like an asic jalepeno or something
edit 2- i've found a computer i can use, with an amd fx-8350 inside of it. i'm trying to figure out how many bitcoins i can mine if i start using it soon. i've googled around a lot, but i can't seem to find the hash rate for this GPU. i'm probably going to start mining on it this weekend, but having some sort of a clue of what i can mine would be nice. i'm not looking for a get rich quick sort of thing, i'm just looking to get into mining as more of a hobby. i'd rather not buy a dedicated miner, and i think i can mine a fair amount of bitcoins with the 8350 before all the new ASICs arrive. thanks if anybody knows the hash rate on the 8350!
submitted by _connor_ to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mining on OS X (10.7.5)

Posted this in /bitcoin first but was told that I might have better odds getting a good answer here instead.
I have a MBP from 2011 with the following stats:
I've been looking around for a miner to run on this computer while it idles, and I have noticed that there is no many alternatives out there for a Mac. In addition, I seem to be running into problems using the ones that do exist, most likely because most of them are GPU miners and the integrated graphics card on this machine is fairly shit.
I am aware that mining on this machine will never really give me much, but I enjoy the idea of having the computer at least try to do something useful. :)
Both DiabloMiner and Bitminter do not work for me.
The miner that at least seems to run is cgminer, however when checking the output it will show me an average hashrate of 0.0 Kh/s, and a certain number of "Work items generated locally".
Anyone have any suggestions to what I could do to be able to mine on this machine?
submitted by yponac to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Acer V Nitro Black Laptop GPU Suddenly Overheating

I have an Acer Aspire V15 Nitro Black (VN7-593G), and have been using it to play Overwatch for a few months. It has always had problems with heating, but those problems have mostly affected the CPU. Since sending it into Acer Support for a new thermal unit, it has been running fine, albeit on the warmer side. However, last night, in the middle of a game it began throttling to the point where FPS dropped from around 60 down to below 20, rendering the game unplayable. When I looked at my hardware monitor, the GPU temp read as high as 100C! Way too high!
Now, any time I open the game, GPU temps instantly skyrocket. This issue that appeared so suddenly last night has rendered the laptop unusable for gaming. For reference, this laptop has a GTX 1060.
Here's what I've tried so far:
For some reason, MSI Afterburner, along with every other utility I've tried, has been unable to set or even read the fan speed of my GPU, so I am unable to confirm my suspicion that the GPU fan may have failed. After some research into this problem it appears that it can be caused by improper installation. Given the amount of issues I've experienced with this laptop in the first few months of owning it, improper installation seems VERY plausible. However, I don't have a lot of experience with PC hardware and I'm not sure if I opened it up I'd be able to tell if the GPU was improperly installed or if its fan was broken. Any advice or insight into this problem would be appreciated.
submitted by HOB_I_ROKZ to techsupport [link] [comments]

CPU Mining on Mac?

I currently have a 2011 macbook air (1.6 Ghz i5 and Intel HD Graphics 3000), and wanted to mine. On bitcoins, I couldn't mine on my graphics card, but somehow set up the mining to work on my cpu. Is there some way I can set up dogecoin mining on my cpu on my mac? I simply can't find information anywhere, other than I found that cgminer dropped support for cpu mining earlier this year.
To the moon!!
submitted by yoseir2 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Acer V Nitro Black Laptop GPU Suddenly Overheating

I have an Acer Aspire V15 Nitro Black (VN7-593G), and have been using it to play Overwatch for a few months. It has always had problems with heating, but those problems have mostly affected the CPU. Since sending it into Acer Support for a new thermal unit, it has been running fine, albeit on the warmer side. However, last night, in the middle of a game it began throttling to the point where FPS dropped from around 60 down to below 20, rendering the game unplayable. When I looked at my hardware monitor, the GPU temp read as high as 100C! Way too high!
Now, any time I open the game, GPU temps instantly skyrocket. This issue that appeared so suddenly last night has rendered the laptop unusable for gaming. For reference, this laptop has a GTX 1060.
Here's what I've tried so far:
For some reason, MSI Afterburner, along with every other utility I've tried, has been unable to set or even read the fan speed of my GPU, so I am unable to confirm my suspicion that the GPU fan may have failed. After some research into this problem it appears that it can be caused by improper installation. Given the amount of issues I've experienced with this laptop in the first few months of owning it, improper installation seems VERY plausible. However, I don't have a lot of experience with PC hardware and I'm not sure if I opened it up I'd be able to tell if the GPU was improperly installed or if its fan was broken. Any advice or insight into this problem would be appreciated.
submitted by HOB_I_ROKZ to pcgamingtechsupport [link] [comments]

[Build Complete] Project Phenom is back with v2 - Modded Corsair 300R

Project Phenom is back, this time being cleaner, better, and faster. For those of you who haven't seen v1 (with the original build log), it is located here.
I spent some time upgrading my GPU's, motherboard, fixing my cable management, adding a few aesthetic changes, incorporating my AC network adapter inside my build, and finishing up my entire battlestation.
Please let me know what you guys think of the new look, benchmarks, and setup.
[Notice regarding post: Removed and reposted twice as first time it was not public and second time it was [Build ready] instead of [Build complete]. Mods are notified of this.]
Images:
Here are the desktop images.
Here is my battlestation.
Benchmarks (GPU/CPU temps taken at ambient room temp 64 Degrees/17.7 C):
3DMark: http://www.3dmark.com/3dm/2287893
3DMark 11: http://www.3dmark.com/3dm11/7871080?
Unigine Heaven benchmark 4.0: http://i.imgur.com/FEasxur.png
Geek Bench: http://browser.primatelabs.com/geekbench3/363927
Cinebench: http://i.imgur.com/HCSINRi.png
GPU temps I achieved at these fan speeds:
100% Fan usage
GPU 1: 69C
GPU 2: 66C
75% Fan usage
GPU 1: 81C
GPU 2: 75C
50% Fan usage
GPU 1: 78C
GPU 2: 75C
CPU temps I achieved (according to RealTemp, if I read it correctly. Picked highest temp in both min/max):
34C min
71C load
Few interesting features:
  1. Everything is linked together with Corsair link. (For those of you who are unaware of what it is, it detects almost every component in your build, and lets you control most of them, while showcasing the temps.) This is provided by the Corsair AX760i PSU + H100i)
  2. I have remote controlled lighting installed. [Ghetto mounted under PSU, cant be seen after side window is put back on, however. Just the IR receiver. ;) ]
  3. LCD Touch screen fan controller.
  4. Multi SD card slot, with front red LED strip control scroll switch.
  5. Sound dampening foam installed where ever possible.
  6. Dust filters on the front, sides, and bottom. + Optional magnetic dust filter for top, specifically for 300R.
  7. Custom cut full clear side window on Corsair 300R.
  8. Custom laser etched name + signature.
  9. Custom designed braided cables.
Notes:
One of the biggest reasons why I have changed the motherboard ( and somewhat ruined my color scheme) is because the UD4H failed on me TWICE. For whatever reason, it was not capable of basic overclocking and the bios had failed on me, prompting me to take apart my build and replacing it twice. Not a fun experience, but now having the asrock motherboard, I have had nothing but a positive experience. In my last build I had the last generation z77 asrock mobo and also had a great experience with it. Not the best looking motherboard, but in terms of performance and features, it is comparable to some of the highest end (and most expensive) out there.
As for the graphics cards change, I sold them off in the bitcoin rush and made a decent profit. Not only for this reason, however. After doing some benchmarking and listening to the users here, I found out my gpu's to be way too close and hence not being able to cool down properly. Luckily I got my GPU's during a sale with all 3 nvidia games each, which I sold for a overall gpu discount.
Finally, those of you who are wondering how I got some cheap components (some free), none of them are used/refurbs. All brand new. Just got them at great deals. I kept this list pretty accurate. If any of you are looking to find a particular component of mine in the "other" section in the PCPP list below, just click on the direct link to PCPP's website, that is where you will be able to see the component links.
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant / Benchmarks
Type Item Price
CPU Intel Core i7-4770K 3.5GHz Quad-Core Processor Purchased For $279.99
CPU Cooler Corsair H100i 77.0 CFM Liquid CPU Cooler Purchased For $98.99
Thermal Compound Antec Formula 7 Nano Diamond 4g Thermal Paste Purchased For $8.36
Motherboard ASRock Z87 Extreme4 ATX LGA1150 Motherboard Purchased For $117.99
Memory Patriot Viper 3 32GB (4 x 8GB) DDR3-2133 Memory Purchased For $245.76
Storage Samsung 840 EVO 250GB 2.5" Solid State Disk Purchased For $164.99
Storage Seagate Barracuda 2TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive Purchased For $14.83
Storage Seagate Barracuda 3TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive Purchased For $85.35
Video Card PNY GeForce GTX 770 4GB Video Card (2-Way SLI) Purchased For $252.83
Video Card PNY GeForce GTX 770 4GB Video Card (2-Way SLI) Purchased For $252.83
Wireless Network Adapter Netgear A6200-100NAS 802.11a/b/g/n/ac USB 2.0 Wi-Fi Adapter Purchased For $48.62
Case Corsair Carbide Series 300R Windowed ATX Mid Tower Case Purchased For $80.00
Case Fan Corsair Air Series SP120 Quiet Edition 37.9 CFM 120mm Fan Purchased For $14.99
Case Fan Corsair Air Series SP120 Quiet Edition (2-Pack) 37.9 CFM 120mm Fans Purchased For $27.99
Case Fan Noctua NF-P14 FLX 65.0 CFM 140mm Fan Purchased For $21.25
Case Fan Noctua NF-P14 FLX 65.0 CFM 140mm Fan Purchased For $21.25
Power Supply Corsair 760W 80+ Platinum Certified Fully-Modular ATX Power Supply Purchased For $132.99
Optical Drive LG WH14NS40 Blu-Ray/DVD/CD Writer Purchased For $50.00
Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate Full (32/64-bit) Purchased For $0.00
Monitor AOC i2367Fh 60Hz 23.0" Monitor Purchased For $105.24
Monitor AOC i2367Fh 60Hz 23.0" Monitor Purchased For $104.25
Monitor Acer H236HL bid 60Hz 23.0" Monitor Purchased For $104.47
Keyboard Alienware TactX Wired Gaming Keyboard Purchased For $71.39
Mouse Razer Mamba 2012 Elite Wireless Laser Mouse Purchased For $103.94
Speakers Logitech LS21 7W 2.1ch Speakers Purchased For $0.00
Headphones Audio-Technica ATH-ANC9 Headphones Purchased For $148.00
Headphones Sennheiser HD 598 Headphones Purchased For $161.12
Headphones Sennheiser HD 558 Headphones Purchased For $97.18
Other NXZT Sentry 2 Purchased For $20.98
Other Corsair 300R Grommets Purchased For $15.99
Other KingWin Multi-Function LCD Fan Controller Panel with USB 3.0 and Hub Cooling FPX-004 Purchased For $38.15
Other DEMCiflex Corsair Carbide 300R Magnetic Dust / Fan Filter Set - 4 Piece Purchased For $44.99
Other Corsair Professional Individually sleeved DC Cable Kit, Type 3 (Generation 2), METALLIC GRAPHITE Purchased For $57.13
Other BitFenix Alchemy Connect™ 30 Red LED Light Strip Purchased For $32.99
Other 5M 5050 RGB SMD LED Waterproof Flexible Strip 300 LEDs + 44 Key IR Remote Purchased For $16.98
Other Custom Etched "Project Phenom & Signature" Clear side panel w/ misc accessories Purchased For $59.18
Other Sonic Barrier 1/2 Acoustic Foam w/PSA 18x24 Purchased For $9.97
Other UtechSmart 7-Port Superspeed USB 3.0 PCI-E Express Expansion Card with 5V 4-Pin Power Connector Purchased For $29.99
Other Custom Designed 24 pin, 2 Molex, 8 pin CPU, and 6x 6+2 pin PCI-e sleeved in Black, Charcoal Gray, and Imperial Red w/Black Stripes Purchased For $135.02
Other Propus 380 (mouse pad) Purchased For $0.00
Other NuForce - Icon uDAC-2 USB Audio Receiver and Digital-to-Analog Converter Purchased For $67.96
Total
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available. $3343.93
Generated by PCPartPicker 2014-01-24 04:19 EST-0500
submitted by StaRn3ss to buildapc [link] [comments]

I'm a cryptocoin peasant, with a $663 credit at the bitcoin store. I have selected components. I am ignorant. Can the master race set me straight?

www.bitcoinstore.com - I have a huge credit here. If you save me money or help me our I'll tip you in bitcoin! :-)
1) can't get a graphics card these days, any suggestions?
2) I could go less on the hard drive. 500 GB is sufficient if there is something worthy here
3) notice there is no case. I will use aluminum or do something makeshift
4) which mother b., which power supply?
Processor - this one is known to be able to find prime numbers quickly, which is how primecoin works. https://www.bitcoinstore.com/intel-core-i7-i7-3770k-3-50-ghz-processor-socket-h2-lga-1155.html
MotherBoard - its good to have mad pci slots, thats all I know https://www.bitcoinstore.com/gigabyte-ultra-durable-4-classic-ga-h77-ds3h-desktop-motherboard-intel-h77-express-chipset-socket-h2-lga-1155.html
or https://www.bitcoinstore.com/asus-p8z77-v-lx-desktop-motherboard-intel-z77-express-chipset-socket-h2-lga-1155.html
RAM - I want at least 8 GB but RAM is fuckin expensive goddam https://www.bitcoinstore.com/corsair-vengeance-4gb-ddr3-sdram-memory-module.html
Hard disk https://www.bitcoinstore.com/seagate-1-tb-internal-hard-drive-retail.html
Graphics - impossible to find anything, Idgaf about GPU mining actually...I do like to have multiple displays. The more displays the better! https://www.bitcoinstore.com/sapphire-hd-7850-pcie-2gb-ddr5.html
power supply, which one? soo many choices https://www.bitcoinstore.com/sparkle-power-750-watts-atx12v-v2-3-eps12v-v2-92-switching-power-supply-meet-2013-erp.html
https://www.bitcoinstore.com/cooler-master-gx-450w-atx12v-eps12v-power-supply.html
https://www.bitcoinstore.com/sparkle-power-green-spi600ghn-atx12v-eps12v-power-supply.html
submitted by AltoidNerd to pcmasterrace [link] [comments]

EVGA GTX 660 SC 2GB Damage from ESEA bitcoin mining. Intel HD: Is it That bad? // A Review of the HD530 - YouTube How To Mining Bitcoin From CPU And GPU By Nicehash.com ... Updated 2018 How to mine Bitcoin with GPU Video Card ... An ALTERNATIVE To GPU Cryptocurrency Mining? CPU Mining!

Disclosure: Mining metrics are calculated based on a network hash rate of 109,422 GH/s and using a USD exchange rate of 1 ETH = $ 387.521.. Block reward is fixed at 0 ETH and future block reward reductions are not taken into account. Intel HD is integrated graphics there is no graphics card to find. Integrated graphics uses the CPU to do the work of the GPU. Intel just tossed on HD to make it sound better than it really is. I wouldn't even bother mining CPU mining produces such a low hash rate that you will actually be spending more on the electricity it uses than you will ... Best mining GPU 2020: the best graphics cards for mining Bitcoin, Ethereum and more By Matt Hanson , Michelle Rae Uy 18 August 2020 Join the cryptocurrency craze with the best mining GPUs It's not that Intel graphics chips "aren't that good", it's that they don't have a supported OpenCL/CUDA implementation. They're graphics processors, and can't be programmed to do other tasks. Mining with an Intel HD Graphics 5500. Hello! I'm mining Monero with my laptop's CPU. I also want my GPU to have some fun, but I'm having trouble bringing it in. I'm using xmr-stak. When I start it, I get the following message: WARNING: NVIDIA insufficient driver! I have a Intel HD Graphics 5500. It is compatible with OpenCL 2.0 (I've checked it through GPU-Z tool). However, I can't find a way ...

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EVGA GTX 660 SC 2GB Damage from ESEA bitcoin mining.

How to set up a bitcoin miner 100% FREE Earn bitcoin without mining - https://goo.gl/Mzfoww In this video i will help you how to earn from Bitcoin Mining Ear... What happens when you mine Bitcoins with old computers? Well nothing much. In this video I will demonstrate just how wasteful mining Bitcoins on old hardware... If you want to exchange your bitcoins for other crypto: (Ethereum, XRB, Litecoin) this is a handy exchange: https://www.kucoin.com/#/?r=256xv I have a video ... - Intel Wins Patent for Energy-Efficient Bitcoin Mining - Asus Allows Gamers to Mine Crypto With Their Idle Graphics Cards - G20 Country Leaders Call for International Cryptocurrency Taxation ... This video is mostly made for people who still want to get into GPU/CPU Mining but don't exactly know how. I introduce you Honeyminer as this is one of the e...

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